The courtyards of Shanxi merchants are microcosms of modern Shanxi society. Their style and structure show the prosperity of Shanxi merchants during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties.

The courtyards feature both northern and southern Chinese architecture. Wood carvings, brick carvings and stone carvings in the courtyards represent traditional customs of ancient China, and fully reflect the talent and artistic creativity of people during that time.

Modern Western culture had little impact on people in the inland province of Shanxi. Therefore, Shanxi courtyards in the middle and late Qing Dynasty mainly reflect the inherent morality, etiquette and priority in rank of ancient China. 

The courtyards of Shanxi merchants often cover thousands of square meters, and the residential complex buildings are as strong as castles, with high buildings, deep courtyards, thick walls, wide bases, and strong defenses.

The courtyards feature an auspicious and peaceful atmosphere, expressing people's longing for a better life.